- (March-June 1944)An offensive into northeastern India (now Manipur and Nagaland States) carried out by the Japanese Fifteenth Army under the command of Lieutenant-General Mutaguchi Renya. Its purpose was to cut off India-China supply routes, occupy the Imphal Plain, and inspire an uprising of Indian patriots against British colonialism. For this purpose, the attacking force included the Indian National Army, numbering 40,000, commanded by Subhas Chandra Bose. Intense fighting took place, especially around Imphal and Kohima, and conditions were made hellish by the monsoon rains and mountainous topography. But the British lines, supplied by airdrops, held. The Fifteenth Army was forced to retreat out of India and across the Chindwin (Chindwinn) River in June-July. The failure of the campaign, which cost the Japanese as many as 80,000 casualties, opened the way for Allied reoccupation of Burma the following year. In the words of Christopher Bayly, "[T]he Japanese army thrown against Imphal and Kohima was a kind of mass suicide squad. When it was defeated by the vastly increased firepower of the British and Indian armies and American air power, it was cast aside and abandoned by its commanders" (Forgotten Armies, 2004, 388).See also World War II in Burma (Military Operations).
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Imphal — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Imphal type = capital latd = 24.82 longd = 93.95 locator position = left state name = Manipur district = Imphal West, Imphal East leader title = leader name = altitude = 786 population as of = 2001… … Wikipedia
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Burma Campaign 1944 — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Burma Campaign 1944 partof = the Pacific War during World War II caption = Geography of Burma date = January ndash; November 1944 place = Burma result = Allied victory casus = territory = combatant1 =… … Wikipedia
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Burma Campaign 1942-1943 — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Burma Campaign partof = the Pacific War during World War II caption = Geography of Burma date = June 1942 ndash; September 1943 place = Burma result = Japanese victory casus = territory = combatant1 =… … Wikipedia
Burma Campaign 1944-1945 — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Burma Campaign partof = the Pacific War during World War II caption = Geography of Burma date = November 1944 ndash; July 1945 place = Burma result = Allied victory casus = territory = combatant1 =… … Wikipedia
Indian National Army — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Indian National Army caption= dates= August 1942 September 1945 country=India allegiance= Azad Hind branch= Infantry role= Guerrilla Infantry, Special Operations. size=43,000 (approx) commanders= ceremonial chief=… … Wikipedia
Fifteenth Army (Japan) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Japanese Fifteenth Army caption= Japanese troops on border of Burma dates= 1941 11 09 1945 08 15 country= Empire of Japan allegiance= branch= Imperial Japanese Army type= Infantry role= Corps garrison=Rangoon… … Wikipedia
Bibliography — CONTENTS Introduction 488 I. General 493 1. Bibliographies and Research Guides 493 2. Directories, Handbooks, Statistical Abstracts, and Yearbooks 494 3. Guides 494 4. Travel and Description 494 II. History 496 1.… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Rani of Jhansi Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Rani of Jhansi Regiment caption= A Rani of the Rani of Jhansi Regiment in training, c 1940s dates= October 1943 May 1945 country=India allegiance= Azad Hind branch= Infantry role= Guerrilla Infantry, Nursing Corps … Wikipedia